The Must-See in Canakkale, a Historical City of Turkey.

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The chances are, you don't even heard about Canakkale before right? Even myself was, too never heard about it before my trip to Turkey.

Çanakkale is famous for the visiting to Gallipoli battlefields and the ruins of Troy, a city that full of ancient and modern histories.

Located on the southern shore at the anrrowest point in the Dardanelles strait, Çanakkale has been a major strong-point in the defense of the Dardanelles from the time of the Trojans through World War I.

If you are a history lover, you wouldn't want to miss out a visit to this city! 

During my Gallipoli tour, I learned about ANZAC, which stands for Australian and New Zealand Army Corps. On the 25th of April 1915, Australian and New Zealand soldiers formed part of the allied expedition that set out to capture the Gallipoli peninsula. These became known as Anzacs and the pride they took in that name continues to this day.

Anyway, is good to know about ANZAC, but I am more interested in ancient history, hence a must-see for me - TROY.

Upon entering, a Trojan Horse is spotted and you could take a climb up into the horse as well.

Talking about RUINS, means the physical destruction or disintegration of something, that has been collapse or being destroyed, it truly meant it! Be prepared to have some imagination.

What is so interesting about TROY?

According to legend Troy is the city of the long Trojan War that was finally conquered when Greek soldiers hid themselves within the 'peace offering' of the Trojan Horse to gain access to the city. Troy is 1 km from the town of Tevfikiye, and 31 km from Çanakkale.

The famed site of Troy is made up of multiple layers that trace a history of different settlements here from 3000 BC onwards.

Read more : http://www.planetware.com/tourist-attractions-/troy-tr-cn-t.htm

While we're suppose to continue our tour from Troy to Selcuk ( Kusadasi ), we were recommended by our tour agency about PERGAMON tour, by adding €45 per person. At first, I was quite hesitate about it, but trust me, it really worth-a-visit!

Right after we ended our Troy tour, while on the way to Selcuk, we en-route to Pergamon.

About Pergamon

Pergamon is located near the modern city Bergama, most famous as the home of Asclepion.  The success of the city is owed to Lysimachus, one of Alexander the Greats generals.  Lysimachas ruled until his death in the war over the Asian minor.  At which point the current governor, Philetarus took control of Pergamon.  It was in his and his nephews reign that the major sights including the Library and the Altar of Zeus were added to the Acropolis.

What to see in Pergamon? 

In the Acropolis, the remains that you see on the left hand side while going in are the monumental tombs or heroons built for the kings of Pergamon during the Hellenistic period. Shops are situated at their side. When you enter the Acropolis, the remains seen at your left side are the foundations of Propylon (monumental gates) which were constructed by Eumenes II.

Main sights :

Temple of Athena
Built in the 3rd century B.C.E., this is the oldest cult center of the city. The Doric order building was constructed on a peripteral plan with six columns on the facade and ten on the long sides. The krepis (the basement of the Temple) is formed by two steps and measures 41.7 x 71.4 ft. (12.72 x 21.77 m). The naos or cella (the inner sanctum) is divided in two and was dedicated to Goddess Athena but also to God Zeus.  

The famous Library of Pergamon
Which contained 200,000 books, was situated north of the square. Antonius gave all the books of the library to Cleopatra as a wedding gift. Pergamon's library on the Acropolis (the ancient Library of Pergamum) is the second best in the ancient Greek civilization. When the Ptolemies stopped exporting papyrus, partly because of competitors and partly because of shortages, the Pergamenes invented a new substance to use in codices, called pergaminus or pergamena (parchment) after the city.

Temple of Trajan
Trajan started it but after his death Emperor Hadrian (117-138) finished the temple in Corinthian order and it was placed upon a terrace with dimensions of 68 × 58 m (223.10 ft × 190.29 ft). Attempts have been continuing by the German archaeologists since 1976 to erect this temple which has 6 x 9 columns and a peripteros plan (one row of columns around the temple). It is completely marble.

The magnificent Hellenistic theatre
One of the steepest theaters in the world, the cavea which consists of 80 rows of seats is divided into three sections by two diazomas. The capacity was 10,000 people.and was constructed in the 3rd century BC.

Troy or Pergamon? Personally, I'll choose Pergamon as its more well-preserved. However, Troy is interesting in a way that questions of how can they built and live layer by layer above such a huge territory back in ancient!

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  1. These places are so amazing! Never know these places until you have shared them! :D

  2. wow.. It is so fascinating.. I really hope I get an opportunity to be here one fine day I want to see where and how those Greek and Roman history places too

  3. Wow! Amazing pictures. I love the history write up of the places you have visited.
    I would be scared to even sit on Hellenistic theater, afraid of falling down. Hehe

  4. Such beautiful pictures and that view !!!! this place is going on my bucket list!

  5. I am in awe with all these view. Definitely a historical place thats are worth to visit!